In certain cases the dentist needs to increase the amount of bone in a patient’s jaw. For example, if a patient doesn’t have enough bone in their jaw to effectively place an implant, or to completely cover the sides of an implant, the dentist will recommend a bone graft. Because of recent developments in bone grafting techniques dental implant treatment is now possible in cases that would have been impossible just a few years ago. Bone grafting may be used in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, fractures that are placing the patients’ health at risk, or that have failed to heal properly.
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure in which bone graft material is used to replace missing bone. In general, bone has the ability to regenerate completely but requires a very small fissure or some sort of scaffold or substructure to do so. Usually the natural bone heals and bone grafts are reabsorbed and replaced in three to eight months’ time.